Best 1-Year Fixed Mortgage Rates in Canada

Discover the best 1-year fixed mortgage rates in Canada to secure your financial future. Our expert guide provides a comprehensive overview of top lenders offering competitive rates. Whether you’re refinancing or purchasing a new home, find the ideal mortgage solution tailored to your needs and financial goals.

Today's Lowest 1-Year Fixed Mortgage Rates in

Subscribe for News, Deals & Exclusive Offers

Sign up to get the inside scoop on today’s biggest stories in finance — delivered weekly.


Choosing the right mortgage rate is pivotal for homeowners and potential buyers in Canada. With the dynamic economic environment, particularly post-pandemic, many are considering the flexibility and potential savings offered by shorter-term fixed-rate mortgages. Among these options, the 1-year fixed mortgage rate stands out for those seeking lower rates and the ability to reassess financial strategies annually. This comprehensive guide delves into the best 1-year fixed mortgage rates in Canada, helping you make an informed decision tailored to your financial landscape.

Understanding 1-Year Fixed Mortgage Rates

What is a 1-Year Fixed Mortgage?

A 1-year fixed mortgage locks in your interest rate for one year, offering stability against rate fluctuations and simplifying budget planning. After the year ends, homeowners have the flexibility to switch or renew based on the prevailing rates. This option is particularly appealing for those who anticipate lower rates in the near future or plan on making changes to their mortgage without facing hefty penalties.

Advantages of 1-Year Fixed Mortgages

  • Lower Rates: Typically, shorter-term mortgages have lower interest rates compared to longer-term commitments, reducing the overall interest paid during the term.
  • Flexibility: Ideal for individuals who anticipate changes in their financial situation or market conditions.
  • Less Commitment: A shorter commitment period allows borrowers to reassess their mortgage strategy more frequently.

Disadvantages of 1-Year Fixed Mortgages

  • Renewal Risks: There’s a risk that rates will increase by the time you renew, potentially leading to higher future payments.
  • Frequent Decision Making: Requires the borrower to stay informed about the mortgage market and make annual decisions on renewals.

Factors Influencing 1-Year Fixed Mortgage Rates in Canada

  1. Bank of Canada’s Policy: The central bank’s interest rate decisions directly affect the mortgage rates available in the market.
  2. Economic Conditions: Inflation, employment rates, and GDP growth can influence interest rates. For instance, higher inflation typically leads to higher interest rates.
  3. Global Economic Events: International economic crises can impact Canada’s economy and, subsequently, mortgage rates.

How to Find the Best 1-Year Fixed Mortgage Rates

Check Your Credit Score

A good credit score is crucial in securing the best mortgage rates. Before applying, ensure your credit report is accurate and improve your score if necessary by paying down debts and making timely payments.

Compare Multiple Lenders

Don’t settle with the first offer from your current bank. Explore options from other national banks, local credit unions, and online lenders. Each may offer different rates and terms that could be more advantageous.

Use Online Tools

Several online mortgage calculators and comparison tools can help assess what different financial institutions offer. These tools often provide updated rates daily and can include exclusive deals not advertised elsewhere.

Top Lenders for 1-Year Fixed Mortgages in Canada

  1. Major Banks: Institutions like RBC, TD, and Scotiabank consistently offer competitive rates and comprehensive mortgage products.
  2. Credit Unions: Often provide lower rates than banks. Examples include Meridian and Desjardins.
  3. Online Lenders: Companies like Simplii Financial and Tangerine can offer lower rates due to lower overhead costs.

Application Process for a 1-Year Fixed Mortgage

  1. Documentation: Prepare necessary documents, including proof of income, employment verification, and a list of assets and liabilities.
  2. Application: Complete the application form, either online or in person.
  3. Approval: Once approved, reviewthe contract details thoroughly before signing.

Future Trends in Mortgage Rates

While predicting exact future rates is challenging, staying informed about economic predictions and the Bank of Canada’s indications can provide insights. Currently, experts anticipate slight increases in rates over the coming years as the economy stabilizes post-pandemic.

FAQs About 1-Year Fixed Mortgages in Canada

A 1-year fixed mortgage in Canada is a home loan where the interest rate is set for the first year of the mortgage term. After this period, the mortgage typically moves to a variable rate or another fixed rate, depending on the lender’s terms.

For the first year, your mortgage payments are calculated based on the fixed interest rate agreed upon when you took out the mortgage. Once the initial year ends, the interest rate may change to the lender’s variable rate or another fixed rate if you decide to renew.

  • Short-term stability: You have predictable payments for the first year.
  • Lower initial rates: These mortgages often offer lower rates compared to longer fixed terms.
  • Flexibility: Easier to refinance or renegotiate terms after one year without significant penalties.
  • Interest rate risk: After the first year, your interest rate might increase, leading to higher payments.
  • Frequent renewal: You need to reassess your mortgage terms more often, which can be time-consuming and potentially costly.

The interest rate for a 1-year fixed mortgage is determined by the lender based on factors such as the current economic environment, the Bank of Canada’s policy rate, and the borrower’s credit profile.

After the initial term, the mortgage typically switches to a variable rate unless you negotiate a new fixed rate with your lender. You can also choose to switch lenders if you find a better rate elsewhere.

Yes, you can renew your 1-year fixed mortgage. Before the term ends, your lender will usually offer you renewal options which might include another fixed rate term or a variable rate. It’s a good opportunity to negotiate better terms or switch to a different lender.

Yes, there can be penalties for breaking a 1-year fixed mortgage before the term ends. These penalties vary by lender and can include fees such as interest rate differential (IRD) or a three-month interest charge.

A 1-year fixed mortgage can be suitable for first-time homebuyers who anticipate changes in their financial situation or expect interest rates to decrease. However, it requires careful consideration of potential interest rate fluctuations after the first year.

To choose the best lender, compare interest rates, renewal terms, and any fees associated with the mortgage. It’s also helpful to read reviews and consult with a mortgage broker to find the best options available.

Consider your financial stability, the current interest rate environment, and your plans for the property. Additionally, think about your comfort level with potentially renegotiating your mortgage terms annually.


Selecting the best 1-year fixed mortgage rate in Canada requires understanding your financial situation, the market, and the offerings available. By staying informed and prepared, you can take advantage of the benefits this type of mortgage offers while mitigating its risks. Whether you are buying your first home, investing in property, or renewing your mortgage, consider how a 1-year fixed rate might fit into your broader financial strategy.
Mortgage Rate Lead Form